As COVID-19 reaches more than 203 countries, areas or territories with cases with global confirmed cases topping 638,146 and the number of death tolls crossing 30,105,updated on 30 March 2020, 00:09 GMT+5:30, it's very important for people to know what is it? How it started? What are its symptoms and how it can be prevented?
The World Health Organization announced in February 2020 that COVID-19 is the official name of the disease. World Health Organization chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus explained that CO stands for corona, VI for virus and D for disease, while 19 is for the year that the outbreak was first identified; 31 December 2019. COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It is also known as Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The disease was first identified in 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of China's Hubei province, and has since spread globally, resulting in the ongoing 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic. We are in the midst of a global crisis. Countries are getting shut down, economies are severely affected and the stock market is crashing to the ground.
Symptoms of COVID19
People may be sick with the virus for 1 to 14 days before developing symptoms. The most common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may include muscle pain, sputum production, diarrhea, sore throat, loss of smell, and abdominal pain. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. More rarely, the disease can be serious and even fatal. Older people, and people with other medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), may be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill. As of March 28, 2020, the overall rate of deaths per number of diagnosed cases is 4.6 percent; ranging from 0.2 percent to 15 percent according to age group and other health problems.
How it spreads?
The virus is mainly spread during close contact and via respiratory droplets produced when people cough or sneeze. Respiratory droplets may be produced during breathing but the virus is not generally airborne. People may also contract COVID-19 by touching a contaminated surface and then their face. It is most contagious when people are symptomatic, although spread may be possible before symptoms appear. The virus can live on surfaces up to 72 hours. Time from exposure to onset of symptoms is generally between 2 and 14 days, with an average of five days.The standard method of diagnosis is by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) from a nasopharyngeal swab. The infection can also be diagnosed from a combination of symptoms, risk factors and a chest CT scan showing features of pneumoni.
Prevention of COVID19
You can protect yourself and help prevent spreading the virus to others by washing your hands regularly for 20 seconds, with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub, covering your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow when you cough or sneeze, avoid close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with people who are unwell, and stay home and self-isolate from others in the household if you feel unwell. Moreover, avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth if your hands are not clean. The use of masks is recommended by some national health authorities for those who suspect they have the virus and their caregivers, but not for the general public, although simple cloth masks may be used by those who desire them. There is no vaccine or specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19. Management involves treatment of symptoms, supportive care, isolation, and experimental measures.
Treatment of COVID19
There is no specific medicine to prevent or treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). People may need supportive care to help them breathe. If you develop a fever, cough, and have difficulty breathing, promptly seek medical care. Call in advance and tell your health provider of any recent travel or recent contact with travelers.
Follow these five things and help preventing Coronavirus. Thanks for reading. Stay safe and healthy!